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Some Trademark Phrases with Sheet Music and Sound Clips 

 

 

Explanation, Index, and Citations.

 

 

Citations on this Page:  

Type-1:  Standard Phrases.

 

 

This is a small, but representative sample of some Trademark Phrases

used by Mozart, plus an Explanation and an Index.

.........................................................................

 

Köchel numbers 

Where 2 Köchel numbers are listed, the first number is from the 3rd Köchel edition (K-3),

and the second number is from the 6th edition (K-6).

 

"As Written" Version

The version listed as "As Written" is the original version written by Mozart.

The notes are listed here from the Bottom to the Top - usually from the lowest note in the

Bass Clef to the highest note in the Treble Clef. 

 

Enharmonics, Interpolation, and Compression

In the following examples of trademark phrases, some notes have been changed to their

simpler enharmonic form, after listing the original notes. 

For example, "Cb" may be printed on the sheet music. The simplified note would be the

enharmonic "B". The enharmonic form is labeled "Simplified".

Some chords have needed interpolation, and a few chords have been compressed.

 

The original or "As Written" version is always shown.

 

Lowest note to Highest note from the sheet music, left to right.

     

  Enharmonic Example:

      As Written:     Cb----Eb----A  

      Simplified:     B-----Eb----A            (B instead of Cb)

 

     

  Interpolation Example:

      As Written:     D#-------------C#----G    

      Interpolated:   D#----[G]------C#        (The G needs to be relocated)

 

 

  Compression Example:

      Interpolated:   Eb-Eb---[G]----C#

      Compressed:        Eb---[G]----C#        (One Eb can be eliminated) 

 

 

 Interpolated notes are in brackets [ ] such as [G] in their new, Interpolated positions.

 Compressed chords have some notes dropped, as in the Eb, shown above.

 Two low Eb's were compressed into one Eb.

 

 The Original version or "As Written" version is always shown so we can see

 what Mozart wrote.

 

.........................................................................

 

 Index and Examples

 

 CITATION INDEX - A Listing of All Citations on This Website   

 

 

 Early Compositions - No Sheet Music

 ===================================

 Some early compositions containing the Trademark Phrase.

 Sound clips only.

 Click on the name to hear the sound clip.

 

  

    E1: K.9a/5a - Piano Allegro in C Major, 1763

 

    E2: K.19d - Piano Sonata in C Major for 4 Hands, 1765, London

 

    E3: K.43 -  Symphony Nbr 6 in F Major, 1st Movement, 1767

 

 

 Type-1 - All Examples

 =====================

 

           Sheet Sound

 Ex  Locs  Music Clip Description                                 

 E1               x   (Early) K.9a/5a Piano Allegro in C Major 

 E2               x   (Early) K.19d Piano Sonata in C Major - 4 Hands 

 E3               x   (Early) K.43  Symphony Nbr 6 in F Major   

 A1   1      x    x   K.397/K385g Fantasy in D Minor for Piano.

 A2   1      x    x   K.550 Symphony Nr 40 in G Minor, 1st movement.

 A3   1      x    x   K.608 Fantasy in F Minor for Mechanical Organ.

 A4   1      x    x   K.620 The Magic Flute, Overture.

 A5   1      x    -   K.620 The Magic Flute, Act 1 Finale.

 A6   1      x    x   K.594 Adagio and Allegro in F Minor for Mech Organ.

 A7   1      x    x   K.594 Adagio and Allegro in F Minor for Mech Organ.

 A8   3      x    x   K.355/K.576b Minuet in D for Piano

 A9   1      x    x   K.310/K.300d Sonata in A Minor for Piano.

 A10  1      x    x   K.626 Requiem in D Minor, Confutatis.

 A11  1      x    x   K.421/K.417b String Quartet in G Minor, Menuetto Mvmnt.

 A12  1      x    x   K.396/K.385f Fantasia in C Minor for Piano.

 A13  1      x    x   K.511 Rondo in A Minor for Piano.

---- --

 13  15      Total Type-1 Citations with sheet music 

             (Early Type-1 Examples: 3)    

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

Type-2 - Variations on the Trademark Phrase  (separate page)

 

 B1   1      x    x   K.331/K.300i Sonata in A for Piano (w Rondo Alla Turca).

 B2   1      x    x   K.620 The Magic Flute, Queen of the Night Aria.

 B3   1      x    x   K.626 Requiem in D Minor, Confutatis.

---- -- 

 3    3      Total Type-2 Citations with sheet music  

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 Grand Totals

 16  18      

 

 16 Citations (16 Pieces with Sheet Music and Analysis).

    13 Type-1 Phrases (Standard Phrases).

     3 Type-2 Phrases (Variations). 

 18 Locations.     

 18 Sound Clips (15 with Citations + 3 Early Sound Clips). 

 3  Examples of Early Usage (Sound Clips, no sheet music). 

 6  Musical Types: 

       Piano Solo or Duet

       Symphony

       Opera

       Mechanical Organ

       Requiem

       String Quartet.   

 3  Musical Periods:  Early, Middle, Late.  

 

 Fully Documented Examples on this Website

 (sheet music plus analysis):

 16 Citations.

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

 Other Composers   (separate page)

 

 Z1   1      x    x   BWV232 Bach's Mass in B Minor, "Et incarnatus est".

 Z2   1      -    x   Chopin Concerto in F Minor, Opus 21, 2nd movement

 

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Type-1:  Standard Trademark Phrases.

               

A1. K.397 (K.385g) - Fantasy in D Minor for Piano.

     From Presser's edition of "Mozart: Sonatas and Fantasies for the Piano",

     edited by Nathan Broder, 1956.  

     (Last 10 measures of piece completed anonymously).  

     Signature: D minor (B-flat in signature).

     Passage begins at measure 35.

     Trademark Phrase begins at measure 36, beat 4 (36.4).

        Also found at measure 21.

 

                                                                                                                                      

              35              36              37

                          

                    K.397 - Measures 35, 36, 37

                  Trademark Phrase begins at 36.4

            

                      Sound clip: K397

             Click on hyperlink to hear sound clip

 

      Key of passage:   G minor

      Chord locations:  36.4 and 37.3

      Interpolation:       Yes    

      Delayed Resolution:  Yes    

 

                      36.4                       37.3

      As Written:     Eb-Eb----------C#-G  --->  D-D---------D--F#  K397-aw.mid

      Interpolated:   Eb-Eb---[G]----C#    --->  D-D—--[F#]--D      K397-int.mid

      Compressed:        Eb---[G]----C#    --->    D—--[F#]--D

      Musical TM:        Eb---[G]----C#    --->    D—--[F#]—-D      K397-tm.mid

     

 

         Analysis and Proof: In the 2 chords of the MTM, we see that:

    1. The first chord is an Augmented 6th (ignoring the top G).

    2. With Interpolation, the first chord is an Italian 6th.

    3. The top note in the second chord is an octave higher than the

       bottom note (D-DD).  

    4. With interpolation of the G and F#, the major 3rd in the First Chord

       moves down 1/2 step to the major 3rd in the Second Chord

       (Eb-G to D-F#).

 

    This is the MTM - Mozart's Musical Trademark.

 

    The Visual Analysis is shown below.  

 

 

------------------ 4-Step Visual Analysis of The 2 Chords ------------------

 

       1st Chord               2nd Chord

         36.4                    37.3

 

     1.   Eb---------CC#   --->   D—------—-DD    An Aug-6th in 1st chord

     2.   Eb---[G]---CC#   --->   D—--[F#]—-DD    An Italian-6th with Interp

     3.   Eb---[G]---CC#   --->   D—--[F#]—-DD    An octave in 2nd chord

     4.   Eb---[G]---CC#   --->   D—--[F#]-DD    3rds move down 1/2 step  

 

     This passage illustrates a typical focus by Mozart on the Trademark Phrase,

     where he funnels the music from measures 35 through 37 on the 2 chords of the

     phrase.

 

     It could be called "relationships in G minor" as the lower harmony, in thirds,

     cascades downward by half steps, from G to D using 6 notes, finally resolving

     into a D major chord.

 

     Both major and minor thirds contribute to the "minor" sound of this passage,

     including the Italian 6th chord.

 

     2nd citation for this piece:

     This passage is just one of two identical passages appearing in this piece -

     the other appearing earlier beginning at measure 20, in the key of A minor.

     IE, 2nd citation: Measures 20.4/21.3 .

 

      These are the same notes used in the next example (A2): Symphony

      Number 40 in G Minor, 1st movement.     

 

    Back to Index of Examples

 

 

 A2. K.550 - Symphony Nr 40 in G Minor - 1st Movement.

     From Schirmer's piano/four-hands score, volume 71.

     Signature: G minor.

     Trademark phrase begins at measure 15, beat 1.

 

        

   

 

                            K.550 - Measures 1-20          

 

                              K550          

                       Click to hear sound clip

             Note: Secondo - Bass clef at m10 in right hand                       

 

                  K550aw1.mid                      K550aw2.mid

           Trademark measures as written     Without delayed resolution

                                 

      Chord locs:     15.1, 16.1

      Interpolation:  No.    

      As Written:     Eb-Eb---G-Bb-C#-Bb-C#  ---> D-D----F#-A--D-F#-D

      Compressed:        Eb---G----C#-Bb     --->   D----F#----D-F#

      Musical TM:        Eb---G----C#        --->   D----F#----D

 

    

 

Back to Index of Examples

 

 

 A3.  K.608 - Fantasy in F Minor for Mechanical Organ.

      From the Bärenreiter score, "Drei Stücke für die Orgel",

           arranged by Friedrich Brinkmann (approx 1943).

      Key of F minor.

      Trademark phrase begins at measure 198, beat 4.    

                               

                  

                            K.608 - Measures 194-199

                                K608

                      Click to hear sound clip

 

      Chord locs:     198.4, 199.1

      Interpolation:  Yes.   

      As Written:     Db-------G---B-F  --->  C-C-G-------C----E   K608aw.mid

      Interpolated:   Db---[F]-G---B    --->  C-C-G--[E]--C        K608int.mid

      Compressed:     Db---[F]-----B    --->    C----[E]--C       

      Musical TM:     Db---[F]-----B    --->    C----[E]--C        K608tm.mid

     

 

      Note: In the interpolated sound clip (K608int.mid), the top C may be

      difficult to hear, but it is present in the MIDI file.

 

      The first of the two chords in the interpolated version (Db-F-G-B) is

      known as the French form of the augmented sixth.          

  

    Back to Index of Examples

 

 

   A4.  K.620 - The Magic Flute - Overture.

      From Dover’s full score, 1985.  Key of Eb.

      Trademark phrase begins at measure 12, beat 4.

 

                                                  K.620 - Overture, Measures 1-15        

                              K620

                    Click to hear sound clip

 

                                   9 measures   

      Chord locs:     12.4, 13.1

      Interpolation:  No.   

      As Written:     Cb----Eb-----A  --->  Bb----D------Bb

      Simplified:     B

                      B-----Eb-----A  --->  Bb----D------Bb

      Musical TM:     B-----Eb-----A  --->  Bb----D------Bb

     

 

      Note that the Eb in measure 12, which is part of the trademark phrase, is

      carried by the 2nd  violins for 9 measures, from measures 4 through 12.

      Although the complete phrase consists of only 4 beats for the 2 chords,

      the Eb exists as a common tone for 36 beats. The lone Eb stands out among

      all the other notes, and ties the trademark phrase to a central “theme” of 

      the beginning of the overture: the sustained Eb.   

 

 

      Back to Index of Examples 

 

 

 A5. K.620 - The Magic Flute - Act 1 Finale (Nr. 8).

      From Dover’s full score, 1985.

      Signature: C.

 

      Tamino: (A minor)

              O ew'ge Nacht! Wann wirst du schwinden?

              Wann wird das Licht mein Auge finden?

      Chorus: Bald, bald...

      Trademark phrase begins at Measure ??.

         - Tamino, on the word "Licht" (Light), Beat 3.

 

   

       

    

                          K.620 - Act 1 Finale (Nr. 8)

                        Tamino, Priest, Chorus

     

      Chord locs:     Licht...finden

      Interpolation:  No.

      As Written:     F—-D#---A------D#  --->  E----G#--B--E--G#

      Musical TM:     F-------A------D#  --->  E----G#-----E

     

 

   Back to Index of Examples

 

 

  A6. K.594 – Adagio and Allegro in F Minor for Mechanical Organ.     

      From the Bärenreiter score, "Drei Stücke für die Orgel",

           arranged by Friedrich Brinkmann (approx 1943).

      Key of F minor.

      1. Trademark phrase begins at measure 5, beat 1.

      2. A second (duplicate) trademark phrase begins at measure 121, beat 1,

         containing identical notes. 

 

     

                           K.594 Beginning - Measures 1-9

 

                                          K594

                                  Click to hear sound clip

 

 

     

    Portion of a page from Mozart's thematic catalog ("Chronologisch-thematisches

    Verzeichnis sämtlicher Tonwerke Wolfgang Amadé Mozarts"),

    6th Edition, Ludwig von Köchel et al, Breitkopf & Härtel, 1964.

 

    (Mozart's thematic catalog shows the pedal notes doubled, as written for

    the mechanical organ. We will use that version here for the sound clip,

    and add an additional lower octave since the pedal notes can be somewhat

    difficult to hear using MIDI files. With pipe "coupling" in the lower

    registrations, such an effect would probably have been produced anyway

    had the piece been played on a "real" organ instead of the limited

    mechanical organ of the wax museum).

 

      Chord locs:     5.1, 6.2 (and 121.1, 122.2)

      Interpolation:  No.

      As Written:     Db----F------B--Ab --->  C-G-C----E-----C

      Compressed:     Db----F------B--Ab --->      C----E-----C

      Musical TM:     Db----F------B     --->      C----E-----C

     

      The first of the two chords as written (Db-F-B) is known as the Italian

      form of the augmented sixth. 

 

      Measures 5-7, where the phrase takes place, contain 33 notes of

      MTM material, making this a fairly complex example of the usage

      of the phrase.

 

  Back to Index of Examples

 

 

 A7.  K.594 – Adagio, Allegro, Adagio in F Minor for Mechanical Organ.

      From the Bärenreiter score, "Drei Stücke für die Orgel",

           arranged by Friedrich Brinkmann (approx 1943).    

      Key of F minor.

      Trademark phrase begins at measure 33, beat 3.5..

 

    

            33          34         35          36         37         38        39      

                               K.594 - Measures 33-39

 

                                        K594

                                Click to hear sound clip

 

      Chord locs:     33.3, 34.1

      Interpolation:  Yes.

      As Written:     Db----F------B--F  --->  C---------G--C---E

      Interpolated:   Db----F------B--F  --->  C----[E]-—G--C

      Musical TM:     Db----F------B     --->  C—---[E]-----C

     

 

      The first of the two chords as written (Db-F-B) is known as the Italian

      form of the augmented sixth. 

 

   Back to Index of Examples

 

 

 A8. K.355 (K.576b) - Minuet in D for Piano (1786/1787/1790?)

      From Schirmer’s edition, volume 382, edited by Ludwig Klee.

      Key of D major.

      1. Trademark phrase begins at measure 5, beat 3.

      2. Trademark phrase begins at measure 7, beat 3.

         Same pattern with different notes.

      3. Trademark phrase begins at measure 9, beat 3.

         Same pattern with different notes.

     

      It appears 3 more times in the 2nd half of the piece, in similar locations

      (MM 33,34;  35,36;  37,38) for a total of 6 times in this piece.

                             

  

             6              7         8            9         10             11 

 

                             K.355 - Measures 1-11

 

                                        K355

                                Click to hear sound clip

 

    Note for sound clip: A harpsichord sound was used for this clip as the

    MIDI version of the piano is poorly suited to this piece. The harpsichord

    sounds smoother and more professional in this case.

    Note: It is thought by some Mozart scholars that this piece may have been

    intended for a string quartet, rather than a piano.

      

      Chord locs:     5.3, 6.1.5;  7.3, 8.1.5;  9.3, 10.1.5 (1st one shown below)

      Interpolation:  Yes.   

      As Written:     D----------B#--F#-F#  --->  C#---------C#---E#

                                 C                                F

      Simplified:     D----------C---F#-F#  --->  C#---------C#---F

      Compressed:     D----------C---F#     --->  C#---------C#---F   

      Interpolated:   D---[F#]---C          --->  C#---[F]---C#

      Musical TM:     D---[F#]---C          --->  C#---[F]---C#

     

 

 Back to Index of Examples

 

 

A9.  K.310 (K.300d) - Sonata in A Minor for Piano.

     From Presser’s edition, edited by Nathan Broder, 1956.

     Key of A minor.

     Trademark phrase begins at measure 57, beat 4.4..

 

      

                              K.310 - Measures 56-58

 

                                       K310

                              Click to hear sound clip

 

      Chord locs:     57.4, 58.1

      Interpolation:  No.  

      As Written:     C-----E--G--A#--E  --->  B----D#-----B

      Musical TM:     C-----E-----A#     --->  B----D#-----B

     

   Back to Index of Examples

 

 A10. K.626 - Requiem in D Minor - Confutatis (Nr. 5).

      From Kunzelmann’s piano/vocal score edited by Franz Beyer, 1983.

      Key of A minor.

      Signature: C.

      Trademark phrase begins at measure 15, beat 4.4..

 

     

                 Requiem K.626 - Confutatis, Measures 15-17

              Note: See also the variation version (Type-2)

 

                                       K626

                               Click to hear sound clip

      Note: Sound clip begins at the last beat of the preceding measure (14.4).

 

      Chord locs:      15.4, 16.1 (flam-mis  a-cri-bus  AD- DI-ctis)   

      Interpolation:   No.

      As Written:      F-----A---F---D#  --->  E-E----G#-----E-B-E---E

      Compressed:      F-----A-------D#  --->    E----G#-----E-B

      Musical TM:      F-----A-------D#  --->    E----G#-----E

     

 

 

   Back to Index of Examples     

 

 

 

 A11. K.421 (K.417b) - String Quartet in G Minor - Menuetto Movement.

      From Dover’s edition, Mozart: Complete String Quartets, 1970.

      Key of G minor.

      Beginning at Measure 30, Beat 3

                                      

           26        27      28      29     *30*   *31*    32      33       34      35     36  

 

                        K.421 - 3rd movement, Measures 26–36

 

                                    K421

                           Click to hear sound clip

 

      Viola clef notation retained in image.

      Chord locs:      30.3, 31.1 

      Interpolation:   No.

      As Written:      Bb----D-D---G#    --->  A-E--C#-----A

      Compressed:      Bb----D-----G#    --->  A----C#-----A

      Musical TM:      Bb----D-----G#    --->  A----C#-----A

     

 

      Note that the resolution of the trademark phrase is partially anticipated 

      by the 2nd violin and viola in measure 30, beat 2, with the (E)-C#.

 

      This is the 2nd of the 6 "Haydn Quartets".

 

  Back to Index of Examples

 

A12. K.396 (K.385f) - Fantasia in C Minor for Piano.

      From Schirmer’s edition, volume 382, edited by Ludwig Klee.

      (Completed by Maximilian Abbe Stadler).    

      Key of C minor.

      Beginning at Measure 32.

                             K.396 - Measures 32-33

 

                                       K396

                              Click to hear sound clip

 

      Chord locs:     32.2, 32.3  

      Interpolation:  Yes. 

      As Written:     Eb----G-----C#-Bb  --->  D-A----------D---F#

      Interpolated:   Eb----G-----C#-Bb  --->  D-A--[F#]----D

      Musical TM:     Eb----G-----C#     --->  D----[F#]----D

     

 

      The timing, accuracy, and thoroughness in the sound clip is as

      close to the sheet music as could be achieved with the software.  

 

      Note that a variation on the trademark phrase occurs in measure 33

      beginning at beat 2, with the difference being a “D” instead of an E-flat 

      for the bottom note of the first chord (the half-note at beat 1 of measure

      33), and the F-sharp in the second chord being supplied by the grace      

      note in the treble clef at beat 3.

 

      Variation:     D----G-----C#     --->  D----F#----D

 

  Back to Index of Examples

 

 

A13. K.511 – Rondo in A Minor for Piano.

      From Schirmer’s edition, volume 382, edited by Ludwig Klee.

      Key of A minor.

      Beginning at Measure 74, Beat 6.

 

                             K.511 - Measures 73-75

 

                                     K511

                             Click to hear sound clip

 

      Chord locs:     74.6, 75.1

      Interpolation:  No.

      As Written:     F----A---A--(B)--D#  --->  E—---G#--(A#)--B---E

      Musical TM:     F----A-----------D#  --->  E----G#------------E

     

 

      The lower E in the 2nd chord occurs 1 beat before the rest of

      the notes and is technically detached, but clearly part of

      the phrase. The B and A# function as grace notes, and they too

      move down a half step, just as the F-A/E-G# thirds do.

 

  Back to Index of Examples

 

 .........................................................................

 

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